EFFECTS OF CREDIT AND MARKET ACCESS ON FARM GATE PRICES
Farm gate prices for crops in developing countries vary widely within a cropping season, by village, and by farmer. Using longitudinal data on 1,348 households in India, we ask whether farmers obtain higher farm gate prices when they have improved access to credit. We also ask how access to open markets associates with farm gate prices, and whether those with greater access to markets are better able to take advantage of the credit increase.
Collaborators: Kathy Baylis (University of Illinois), Mindy Mallory (University of Illinois), and Tisorn Songsermsawas (IFAD)
 
AN INDUSTRIOUS REVOLUTION IN BANGLADESH?
Changes in the household economy lie at the heart of the agricultural transformation. However, the mechanics of this transformation at the micro-level are poorly understood. We propose the idea of an “industrious revolution” as way to understand changes in the rural household economy. Following Hymer and Resnick (1969) we develop a theoretical framework and test our hypotheses using household panel data from rural Bangladesh covering 1988 and 2008.
Collaborators: Anna Josephson (University of Arizona) and Alastair Orr (ICRISAT)
 
HUMAN HEALTH IMPACTS AGRO-CHEMICAL USE
Fertilizer, pesticides, and other agro-chemicals can significantly increase agricultural yields. However, these agro-chemicals can also have a negative impact on human health and labor productivity. To explore this relationship, we use the Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data from 33 countries in combination with government data on agro-chemical production and trade.
Collaborators: Felipe Dizon (World Bank), Anna Josephson (University of Arizona), Emilia Tjernström (University of Wisconsin)
 

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